Periodontics is the discipline of dentistry that specializes in diseases that affect the periodontal tissues that support the teeth and into which their roots are inserted. These tissues include the bone that supports the teeth, the gums, the dental ligaments and the cementum.
What causes periodontitis?
When these tissues become infected, it is called periodontitis.
Periodontitis is an oral problem that it is important to prevent, because it can lead to serious consequences, sometimes irreversible, such as tooth loss.
Insufficient oral hygiene is the main risk factor for the development of periodontitis, but certain lifestyle habits can also lead to the occurrence of the disease. Smoking, drinking too much alcohol or eating a diet low in vitamins and minerals are habits that can cause periodontitis since they have a negative impact on the immune system. Stress and hereditary factors are also important risk factors for the development of periodontitis.
Symptoms of periodontitis
A periodontitis can cause various symptoms, those generally presenting themselves in the form of :
- Red, swollen and painful gums;
- Pain in the teeth when chewing
- Gum recession leaving the root of the tooth exposed, which can cause hypersensitivity to heat, cold, sugar, etc. ;
- Loosening of the teeth, which may become mobile;
- Persistent bad breath.
However, it is important to note that periodontitis may not cause any symptoms. This is why you should visit your dentist regularly since only he or she will be able to detect the disease at an early stage.
Treatment of periodontitis
The treatment required varies depending on the stage of the infection. Often, your dentist will perform a thorough cleaning of your teeth and gums to remove bacteria and tartar from your teeth and tooth roots. In some cases where periodontitis has progressed significantly, a thorough cleaning of your teeth and gums is not enough. Your dentist will then have to perform a surgical procedure.
Better safe than sorry
There are some tips to follow for optimal dental hygiene and to avoid the onset of periodontitis. Maintain your teeth with care by brushing at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day. Adopt healthy lifestyle habits, including enough fruits and vegetables in your diet. Finally, avoid smoking and limit your alcohol consumption.
By visiting your dentist on a regular basis, early periodontitis can be detected and its progression and devastating effects can be countered. If you are afraid of suffering from such a problem or if you think you are at risk, do not hesitate to talk to Dr. Jean-Pierre Tabah’s team.
The Dr. Jean-Pierre Tabah Dental Clinic, for personalized and superior quality oral health care in the heart of Montreal’s Marché Central.
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